I wanted to share some hadiths with you where it states that muslims should celebrate eid on one day and when ever a muslim sees a moon, we all should break fast and celebrate Eid. I dont want to know if the moon is actually seen correctly or not, but just want someone to explain the hadiths below as some muslims claim from these hadith and maybe other or similar hadith, the eid should be celebrated if a muslims sees a moon or group of muslims or country. Jazakhallah
The people who celebate Eid with a certain muslim country always quote these hadiths to justify their stance.
Also some groups use slogans such as ONE MOON, ONE RAMADAN, ONE EID, ONE UMMAH in order to win people minds
Also can any brother or sister tell me what was the opinion of all the 4 school of thoughts on the observation of the moon and regarding Eid celebrations, expecially Imam Abu Hanifa RA as my cousin claims to follow Imam Abu Hanifa RA opinion
NARRATOR AbuUmayr ibn Anas
AbuUmayr reported on the authority of some of his paternal uncles who were Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): Some men came riding to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and testified that they had sighted the new moon the previous day. He (the Holy Prophet), therefore, commanded the people to break the fast and to go out to their place of prayer in the morning.
Once the people doubted the appearance of the moon of Ramadan, and intended neither to offer the tarawih prayer nor to keep fast. A bedouin came from al-Harrah and testified that he had sighted the moon. He was brought to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He asked: Do you testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am the Apostle of Allah? He said: Yes; and he testified that he had sighted the moon. He commanded Bilal who announced to the people to offer the tarawih prayer and to keep fast.
NARRATOR Abdullah ibn Umar
The people sighted the moon, so I informed the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) that I had sighted it. He fasted and commanded the people to fast.
Hadith (Dawood): It is relayed that Ibn Umar said, "People were looking for the crescent (of Ramadan). I informed the Prophet, peace be upon him, that I saw it. So he fasted (on the following day) and ordered the people to fast.