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Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi R.a

Posted 27 October 2011 - 11:00 PM (#1) User is offline   The-Mughal-Sister 

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I'm quite surprised there are no topics looking at the life and achievements of this great Mujahid of Islam.

It would be great if everyone could contribute whatever little they know.


As a soldier, a ruler, and a human being, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi was a person of phenomenal attributes. The hero of hundreds of battles was the person who for 20 years braved the storm of the Crusaders and ultimately pushed them back. The world has hardly witnessed a more chivalrous and humane conqueror. His unmatchable battle tactics and gallantry as a soldier, heroic statesmanship and his strength of character won him the respect of even his foes.

As a soldier, Salahuddin is known for liberating the holy city of Jerusalem from the Christian armies, known as the Crusaders. This was not an ordinary feat, considering the strength and resources of the crusaders who had gathered from all over Europe to occupy the holy city (in 1099) and had established their strong foothold after the victory, not only in Jerusalem but also in the neighboring lands.

Jerusalem was under the Muslims rule ever since it was conquered in 638 Hijra by Hazrat Umar bin Khattab, the second caliph. The Muslims, however, over the span of four centuries, could not keep their unity and cohesiveness. Weakened by their internal strife, they were divided into different factions. They could not stand the strength of the crusaders, until Sultan Salahuddin appeared on the scene. He reunited the Muslims and served a fatal blow to the crusaders, forcing them to eventually give up their crusades against the Muslims.

Born in 1137, to the ruler of Tikrit (Iraq), Najamuddin, of a prominent Kurdish family, Salahuddin showed remarkable talents. From a young age, he participated in many battles and became a soldier par excellence. While fighting along with Nuruddin Zangi to liberate Syria from the crusaders, Nuruddin recognized the extraordinary genius in him and provided him several opportunities of leadership and challenges which he brilliantly met.

Salahuddin al-Ayyubi

Salahuddin al-Ayyubi, better known in the West as Saladin, established a state comprising the countries of Egypt, Palestine, Syria and Western Arabia towards the end of the twelfth century After Christ.

He is regarded in the world as a chivalrous man, who displayed high qualities of generosity and kindliness in the field of battle to friend and foe which were very rare even among the heroes of the time.

The Third Crusade by the Christians took place in his time and those Christians who took part in it could not help but admire and respect the Sultan as an extremely skilful and noble enemy.

Salahuddin was born in 1138 A.C. Although his early years were spent in obscurity, he showed signs of great promise in his youth and he reached the high office of a Wazier (Minister) in the court of the Fatimid Khalifah in Egypt.

Salahuddin's energy, determination and resourcefulness soon opened more avenues for progress. In 1175 A.C. when the last of the Fatimid Khalifahs died, Salahuddin declared his independence, and later the Khalifah at Baghdad confirmed him as the Sultan of Egypt and Arabia. Salahud-deen soon added portions of Syria under his rule and he was looked upon as the most powerful head of a considerable part of the Muslim world.

A number of Christian states were established in Syria by the Crusaders, and from these, Muslim caravans were often attacked and harassed by the Christians. This forced the Sultan to take up arms, as a result of which the whole of Palestine was conquered by him. This brought about a complete unification of Syria and Egypt.

This sparked off the Third Crusade (1189 A.C.) in which the Roman Empire, France and England joined hands to challenge Islam. The struggle continued for three years during which the Christians suffered so many defeats that they were thoroughly disillusioned. They soon realised the futility of their efforts and adopted a policy of reconciliation, and a peace treaty was concluded in 1192 A. C. The Sultan's greatest achievement was to crush the Crusaders and to reconquer Jerusalem from the Christians in 1187 A.C.

The generosity, the magnanimity and the high sense of morality which the Sultan displayed in that hour of his triumph, have been universally applauded by the historians. Says one: "if the taking of Jerusalem were the only fact known about Saladin, it were enough to prove him the most chivalrous and great-hearted conqueror of his own and perhaps of any age." (Saladin by Stanley Lane-Pole).

Sultan Salahuddin was a just, merciful and chivalrous man who won unstinted praise from even his enemies. There was not a trace of fanaticism in Sultan Salahuddin. He always treated people of every religious group with equal fairness. He was not only a warrior but a cultured ruler, who patronised great scholars. He found public schools and academies, established free hospitals. His piety, magnanimity and generosity were household words even beyond the borders of his empire.

The citadel of Cairo, which he built as his residence bears testimony to his energy and enterprise in the field of architecture.

He died in Damascus, in the year 1193 A.C.


A quote from Salahuddin:


"We hope in Allah Most High, to whom be Praise. Who leads the hearts of Muslims to calm what torments them and ruins their prosperity.

Where is the sense of honor of the Muslims? The pride of the Believers? The zeal of the Faithful?


We shall never cease to be amazed at how the disbelievers for their part have shown trusts, and it is the Muslims who have been lacking in zeal. Not one of them has responded to the call.


Not one intervenes to straighten what is distorted; but observe how far the Franks have gone. What unity they have achieved. What aims they pursue. What help they have given. What sums of money they have borrowed and spent. What wealth they have collected and distributed and divided amongst them.


There is not a king left in their lands or islands, not a lord or a rich man who has not competed with his neighbors to produce more support and rival his peers in strenuous military efforts. In defense of their religion they consider it a small thing to spend life and soul; and they have kept their infidel brothers supplied with arms and champions of war; and all they have done and all their generosity has been done purely out of zeal for him they worship in jealous defense of their faith.


The Muslims on the other hand are weakened and demoralized; they have become negligent and lazy, the victims of unproductive stupefaction and completely lacking in enthusiasm. If, Allah forbid, Islam should draw reign, obscure her splendor, blunt her sword there would be no one, east or west, far or near who would blaze the zeal for Allah's religion, or choose to come to the aid of Truth against Falsehood.


This is the moment to cast off laziness, to summon from far and near all those men who have blood in their veins; but we are confident [He speaks about himself and the small party of believers who began with him and then became a large party]; but we are confident thanks to Allah- alhamdulillah- in the help that will come from him and entrust ourselves to him in sincerity of purpose and deepest devotion.


Insha'Allah, Insha'Allah the disbelievers shall perish and the Faithful have a sure deliverance."

(Gentle hearted Saladin Ayyubi became one of the world's greatest warriors by defeating crusaders and capturing the holy city of Jerusalem.

He is remembered by Muslims as well as Non-Muslims as a kind hearted un-selfish Warrior. He was a religious person and followed the teachings of Quran (Book of God) and Prophet Muhammad’s teachings regarding War, he treated all of his Prisoners with Respect and dignity, no torture, massacre, mass killing, took place during his time. And unlike all other Sultan’s he did not build a single Palace or any building for himself yet he erected mosques, palaces, hospitals, and universities in for his Muslim brothers in Cairo.This is why he is a favourite topic to write on by even Westerners.
He is one of very few personages of the time of the Crusades that has managed to be positively described in both Western and Eastern sources. With his high position among his Western opponents, he has become a figure that have fascinated Western writers.
He is the hero of hundreds of battles, was the person who for twenty years braved the storm of the Crusaders and ultimately pushed back the combined forces of Europe which had come to swarm the Holy Land.)

This post has been edited by The-Mughal-Sister: 27 October 2011 - 11:06 PM

“Your knowledge must improve your heart, and purge your ego.”

Imam Ghazzali RA
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Posted 27 October 2011 - 11:02 PM (#2) User is offline   The-Mughal-Sister 

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When Islam faced a massive attack from Crusader Europe, one man united the Muslims and led them to victory over the enemy. Salahuddin Ayubi rescued Jerusalem from the Crusaders and fought off one of the most menacing enemies that Muslims have ever faced.

Warrior

Jerusalem was important to the Muslims because it contained the Dome of Rock, where Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) ascended to heaven, and the Masjid al Aqsa. Christians also valued Jerusalem as it contained the church of Jesus’ tomb.

In 1095 the Pope urged the Christians to unite and take Jerusalem. Four years later, Christian forces captured Jerusalem and slaughtered Muslims in the process.

By 1176 Salahuddin had become a powerful Muslim ruler. Even though the Crusaders had signed a peace treaty with Salahuddin, Reynald (a Christian prince) attacked a pilgrim caravan on its way to Hajj. He even planned to attack Makkah and Madinah to destroy the grave of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). Salahuddin made the call for Jihad and united all Muslim states to defend Islam.

The Crusaders gathered their armies and confronted Salahuddin at a place called Hattin. Salahuddin prevented access to water by blockading Lake Tiberas, and left the thirsty Christians without water throughout the night. Then when the sun blazed, Salahuddin started bush fires, which glared into the eyes of the crusaders. Salahuddin’s archers then shot their arrows at the Crusaders. The Crusaders charged at the Muslims and managed to break the lines. However Salahuddin’s armies closed in behind them, leaving them trapped. Salahuddin made the final charge and cut through the Christians - the battle had been won.

Salahuddin took back Jerusalem in 1187 after 88 years of occupation; this would forever be remembered as Salahuddin’s greatest achievement and it made him a hero of Islam. He will be remembered as the Rectifier of Faith because he brought faith back to the Holy Land.
Role model

Salahuddin was a devout Muslim who would never miss his daily prayers. He loved hearing the Quran and would weep at the beauty of Allah (s.w.t)’s words. He was an Islamic scholar who would often journey just to gain more knowledge. He disliked people who brought unnecessary debate and controversy into Islam.

He is best known for his mercy. When the Crusaders had invaded Jerusalem they massacred the inhabitants and destroyed the mosques. The slaughter was so immense that Crusaders waded through blood up to their ankles. But when Salahuddin retook the city he allowed the women and children to leave if they wished. And rather than destroying the churches he allowed Christian pilgrims free passage. He also invited Jews to resettle in Jerusalem.

Salahuddin built schools and abolished taxes that pilgrims had to pay on their way to Makkah. He had great compassion, mercy and generosity. He was known to give jewels away to schools and hospitals. At his death he was the most powerful ruler of Islam there had been since the Prophet (s.a.w), but he had only 1 gold piece and 47 silver pieces to his name, and owned no property.

Many people and leaders of today dwell on worldly goods, they should look at Salahuddin as an example. He placed Islam above everything else.

Salahuddin was very courageous. He rose to the occasion in battle; he never showed any anxiety about the numbers and strength of the enemy. This was due to his strong faith in Allah (s.w.t).

The Muslim youth should look up to him as a role model. His generosity, courage and devotion to faith should inspire us all to be better Muslims.

Al-Afdal his son had the following description placed on his tomb:
‘Almighty Allah, look upon his soul and open to him the gates of Paradise, the last victory for which he hoped.’

“Your knowledge must improve your heart, and purge your ego.”

Imam Ghazzali RA
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Posted 28 October 2011 - 12:08 AM (#3) User is offline   Mudassar-Rana 

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in the larger picture sis - dont you think if we were discussing facets of the personalities of great men like salahuddin ayubi we wouldnt be in such a lowly people as we are. Responsibilities lie with the ulema and our thinkers who have totally ignored such great men.

His greatness lies not in his military feats but his vision, his adoption of islam even in the battle field - when people at the slightest test or sign of hardship forsake the higher morals that islam enforces.

Well done for trying to change trends and thanks for saving us from Pir gangs!
my brothers are those who will believe in me, without having seen me.” [Ahmad, Musnad]

Jaag Muslmaan Jaag Muslmaan ... kitna naacho gai ghairon ki dhun par?Jis ummat mein rab ne sher paida kiye aaj wohi gheedar ka libaas apna muqaddar samjh bethi
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Posted 28 October 2011 - 01:00 AM (#4) User is offline   The-Mughal-Sister 

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A interesting, in depth 5 Part series explained by Zaid Hamid in Urdu with English subtitles can be seen on YouTube.

Part 1



Part 2


“Your knowledge must improve your heart, and purge your ego.”

Imam Ghazzali RA
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Posted 28 October 2011 - 01:01 AM (#5) User is offline   The-Mughal-Sister 

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Part 3



Part 4


“Your knowledge must improve your heart, and purge your ego.”

Imam Ghazzali RA
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Posted 28 October 2011 - 01:02 AM (#6) User is offline   The-Mughal-Sister 

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Part 5


“Your knowledge must improve your heart, and purge your ego.”

Imam Ghazzali RA
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Posted 28 October 2011 - 11:09 AM (#7) User is offline   badman 

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Salams, The legend has it that when Richard The LionHeart lost his horse in one of their final battles (and before conceding defeat) so when Hazrat Salahudin Ayubi R.A heard of this (Richard losing his favourite horse) Hazrat Salahudin sent two of his own favourite horses to Richard The LionHeart for another battle to commence, Richard the Braveheart conceded defeat.

One time Richards army were suffering from fever and having not much fluid he sent out a message to Hazrat Salahudin asking for water, Hazrat Salahudin sent out some snow (water) and fruits to him and his people. (Unbeleivable,!!!!)

Ps. Its sad to see nowadays muslims calling muslims kafir on trivial issues, we look at our great history and we see Great Muslim Men despite having differences having mutual respect for people of other faith’s. ……….. before an enemy is an enemy they are a human being. We need to take a few deep breath’s before we fire off. LolZ

Look forward to watching the movie! Thankyou!
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Posted 28 October 2011 - 12:57 PM (#8) User is offline   The-Mughal-Sister 

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Some may call me a feminist, some a man hater, but you present to me a just, a fair and a great ruler who at the time of his death did not hoard wealth but didn't even have enough money to buy material to cover his body, and his people collected to buy the material, a man who didn't value wealth, who didn't waste his time in futile argumentation, but acted, he fought, he led and he liberated Jerusalam from the Christians, not in the bloody way they slaughtered the 10,000 Muslims, but he was fair to the non-muslims and allowed them to leave peacefully, offering them Muslim protection on their journey out and it was the Christian kings who refused to offer refuge to their own people and often looted them!

Women and children under his rule, Muslim and non Muslim, were safe, protected and treated equally, but in todays society where man made laws discriminate, where men treat the women as mentally incapable do you blame the birth of Women Rights Group who speak up for the oppressed because their rulers and laws are doing a lame job?


“I have studied the careers of the rulers of the past, but expecting the first four Caliphs and Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz, but there has been no prince so liberal and pious, law abiding and just as him”
Ibn Kathir on Salaluddin Auyubi RA


The children of Palestine cry for another Salahudin Ayuubi RA to liberate them, the Muslim rulers of this world are too wrapped up with their worldly greed and lust, and absorbed with dividing the ummah with endless arguments and political issues.

May Allah SWT send another SalahUddin Ayubi RA to defend the honour of the Muslims. Ameen.

“Your knowledge must improve your heart, and purge your ego.”

Imam Ghazzali RA
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Posted 28 October 2011 - 02:29 PM (#9) User is offline   Khalid_the_Warrior 

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I share another movie of this great man and this one is in english. This movie is produced from a western perspective and DOES NOT portray real history but there are certain aspects of Islamic justice which even the orientalists could NEVER deny! This movie is not here to teach you history, rather to make you curious to go and read more about our heroes and about the system of Khilafah which produced such heroes which are not produced anymore since we got divided into pieces of lands each with own flags.



Salahuddin Ayyubi kicked out the crusaders and liberated Palestine and saved it from destruction by the kuffar. Why the ummah stopped producing sons like Slahudin.???

Repentance is a strange mount -
it jumps towards heaven in a single moment from the lowest place
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Posted 05 November 2011 - 01:44 AM (#10) User is offline   Qadri-Jilani 

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Many of you have probably heard of Kingdom of Heaven?
Maslak-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat

jarahat al-sinani laha'l-tiyamu ma yaltamu jarahat al-lisani
ei biradar chu 'aqibat khakast, khaak shawesh az ankei khaak shawee
apni millat par qiyas aqwam-e-maghrib sei na kar, khas hei tarkeeb mein qawm-e-Rasool-e-Hashmi
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