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Ab To Bas Eik Hi Dhun Hai, Ke Madina Dekhon (LY...

May 28 2014 06:14 PM | NaatLyricsTube in Knowledge
AkhariWaqt Me Kya Ronake Duniya Dekhon X2
AbTou Bas Eik Hi Dhun, Ke Madina Dekhon X2

KisneBi Madina Dekhliya, Usne Bi Madina Dekhaliya X3
SarkaarKhabi To Me Bhi Kahon X2
MeNe Bhi Madina Dekhaliya

AbTou Bas Eik Hi Dhun, Ke Madina Dekhon

MainuMajbooriyan The
DooriyanNe Maare Aa
SadhLo Madeene Aqa

DdaDda Haan Ghareeb Aqa

KolMere Zar Nahin
UddhukeMain Kee Ven Aaavan
NaalMere Par Nahin

ThuSaan The Hai Ddera Main Thun
BadiDhoor Lalaya

SadhLo Madeene Aqa, Karo Mere Baliyan

AbTou Bas Eik Hi Dhun, Ke Madina Dekhon

PhirKaram Hogya, Me Madine Chala
JhoomataJhoomate Me Madine Chala

SakhiyaMe Pila Me Madine Chala
MastBekhud Bana Me Madina Chala

MereAqa Ka Dar Hoga Pesher Nazar
ChahiyeOr Kya Me Madine Chale

AbTou Bas Eik Hi Dhun, Ke Madina Dekhon

IkRoz Hoga Jana, Sarkar Ki Gali Mein
HogaBari Dhikianan Sarkar Ki Gli Mein

AbTou Bas Eik Hi Dhun, Ke Madina Dekhon

TeriJaliyon Ki Neechen, Teri Rahmato Ke Saare
JisDekhali Ho Janat, Tu Madina Dekhaaye

AbTou Bas Eik Hi Dhun, Ke Madina Dekhon

MereMola, Meri Ankhein, Mujhe Vaapas Karde
Taka is Bhar Me Jeebar, Ke Madina Dekhon x2

BulaloPhir Mujhay Ey Shahe Bahrobar, Madinay Main
MainPhir Rota Huwa Aoo, Teray Dar Par Madinay Main

NaDowlat Dey Nah Showhrat Dey, Mujhay Bas Yeh Sahaadat Dey
TerayKadmo Main Marjaoon, Main Ro Ro Kar Madinay Main

MadinayJaaney Waalo Jaao Jaao Fi Aman’illah
KadiToh Apna Bhi Lag Jaey Ja Bistar Madinay Main

Madina is Liye Attar Jaan-O-Diil Sey Hai Pyaara
KeyRehtay Hain Meray Aqa Meray Diil Bar Madinay Main

Mere Mola, Meri Ankhein, Mujhe Vaapas Karde

Taka Is Bhar Me Jeebar, Ke Madina Dekhon x2

Read by Ghulam Mustafa Qadri

Naat Written By Moulana Ilyas Qadri

Lyrics Written By Sameer Hussain

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The Book of God and the little red book

Feb 13 2014 10:06 AM | Zainulabidein in Culture and community
China after its independence in 1949 made phenomenal and unmatched progress. It shocked the world by its unimaginable achievements, fast growth and rising status in Global standings. The reason for its speedy development is not only the system of governance and the political/economic model which runs the country but there is something more than that, which even the secular world doesn't ignore and denounce; that is the spread of the Mao’s thought throughout China with the ‘little red book’.

The real name of the book is 'Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung'. As the title suggests, the book was not written by Mao himself, but in fact the book is just a compilation of cherry-picked statements from the works and speeches of Mao. The Book was published from 1964 to 1976 and is one of the most printed books in history, of which more than one billion copies were printed. The purpose of this was, according to the catalogue of Publication records of the People's publishing house, 99% of the population of China to read Chairman Mao's book. Due to its small pocket size and bright red cover it became famous as the 'little red book' in the west. The Chinese have sincerely followed the principles, guidelines and advices given by their leader (Mao Zedong) in this book.

As we know that this book is just the collection of words of a mortal man, but the Chinese have prospered greatly by merely following the sayings of Mao with sincerity. We, being Muslims, should think that if they can achieve impossible by just being sincere to a little red book, then how much immense progress and prosperity would we get by being sincere to the Noble Qur'an?

History is witness to this fact that whenever the Muslims were sincere to the Noble Qur'an they touched the skies, for the reason that the teachings were followed in letter and spirit. These were truly implemented at the time of the Blessed Prophet (PBUH) and the four rightly guided Caliphs. At that time there were only two super powers (nations) in the world, namely the Romans and the Persians, both were very strong economically and militarily. Even with these supremacies, Muslims crushed both of them and dazzled the world. This proved that if we the Muslims truly follow and implement the teachings of the Noble Qur'an we can defeat anyone and prosper like no other by the will of Allah SWT.

Considering above, if the Chinese can do it with the help of a little red book, then Islamic principles and guidelines for political, economic and social system are a million times better to those in the little red book. Now is the time for the Muslims to turn back to the book of Allah SWT to rise again and bring back that Golden age, as we were not created for the world rather the world was created for us! So let us read, understand and contemplate upon the Noble Qur’an and act accordingly, we will surely succeed by the will of Allah SWT.

Alif, Lam, Ra. [This is] a Book which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], that you might bring mankind out of darknesses into the light by permission of their Lord - to the path of the Exalted in Might, the Praiseworthy – (14:1)

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The Age of Prophet Alaihi Slaam

Feb 13 2014 08:11 AM | amiable787 in Knowledge
Aslaam Alekum Warahma Tullah

i am new here,
i was calculate the ages of Messengers of ALLAH, and got some interesting calculations.

it is not according to AHADEETH but it is only my guessed.
Senior members can be correct it as their knowledge.

previous days i was read an article about
( Oldest Human Footprints Found Outside of Africa ) it is around 1 million year old footprints.

and this age discovered by the carbon age formula of modern science .

as all we know the science formulas changed after time by time.
maybe this carbon age discovering formula change by another formula in coming time.


now i explain


if we guess every messenger was minimum age of 50 years and Multiply their age to 1, 24000 = 6200000

now we found here. six millions and two thousands years

its means The human came on the earth before six millions years.

but there is an important issue.

many Messengers were exist on the earth two or three at the same time.

in this condition we will less the time period six millions to 4 millions. or more less to 3 millions.

now we can guess about any ancient objects discovered on the earth .

it was in the Human Age Time Period ( ALLAH KNOWS BEST )

another important side as we know.
before the humans two nations were exist on the earth .

1-Rijaalul Ghaib.

2- Jinn

in the books of HAZRAT IBN-E-ARABI described the Rijaalul Ghaib also an Oldest Nation

Hazrat Ibn-e- Arabi met with a person near the KAABAH TULLAH who was from the Rijaalul Ghaib Nation.

and his age was 70, 00000 years

Jinn and Rijaalul Ghaib Nations also exist nowadays.



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Kalam By Sikander Warsi

Dec 28 2013 01:36 AM | Sikander_Warsi in Basics of Islam

Former President Of Iran Mr. Mahmoud Ahmadineja...

Jul 13 2013 11:25 PM | Desert-Sheikh in Culture and community
The nature of my job allows me to frequently meet some very high level dignitaries of different countries and at times to interact with them closely. Sometimes they are from the top most level of the political world, the movers and shakers of the international community.

Besides, my professional responsibilities, I also try to take these opportunities to observe them from a personal level. How do they deal with their counterparts, how do they react on certain issues or how do they behave when not in a formal official environment - kind of gives one the idea about the personality of a person. It’s really interesting to see sometimes how the public profile of a person (mostly created by the Media) differs completely with the reality.

I got curious about one particular personality after receiving some circular emails (a very common practice among net users to spread either facts or fabricated information) about the simplicity of his livelihood. It was about the former President of Islamic Republic of Iran Mr. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. On the other hand, generally speaking, the Media, particularly the western ones, portray him as a tyrant and headstrong fundamentalist focused on destroying the peace of the World.

I am not in a position to judge the authenticity of either claim. Neither am I trying to glorify or demean any personalities. My only intention is to share two/three anecdotes from my personal experience related to Mr. Ahmadinejad to get a feel of him as a human being without referring to his political or religious affiliation whatsoever.
During any topmost level meeting, security for the Heads of State or Government is given the highest priority. In addition to their own security, the host country also provides additional secuprotection. And if the person concerned is the Iranian President attending a Conference in the USA, one can easily imagine the level of security that he would be provided with. Security cordon surrounding him appears practically impenetrable. Moreover, the President or the Prime Minister nearly in all cases does not have any say against the decision of the security personnel about his or her movements.

It was a Friday. At the sidelines of the Conference, Muslim delegations were gathering for the Jummah prayer in a make shift prayer place, which is originally a library. As the space is limited, it gets cramped with people and if one wants to pray in the first line or get a better place, one needs to be there well ahead of time. I was there for the prayers as well. When the khutbah was about to begin, I noticed the President of one Muslim Country surrounded by guards coming and as soon as he entered, four people sitting on the first line stood up. They were sitting beside the Imam on the first line to secure one prime place for their President to pray. I was looking around thinking that there would be other high level dignitaries who would perhaps show the same arrogance. Incidentally my eyes caught the site of Mr. Ahmadinejad. He was sitting at a corner in one of the lines as a commoner and as unnoticed as possible. Believe you me, if somebody doesn't know him, would never guess that this was a President of a country sitting there.

On another occasion, one of my colleagues wanted to take a photo with the Iranian President. We were standing in a crowded hallway to the Conference Hall and he was supposed to pass by that way. The Iranian delegation was moving circled by huge bodied security guards towards joining the conference where the President would deliver a speech. Realizing that if this opportunity goes by he might not have a next, my colleague took a kind of desperate step and went to an apparent nobody walking at the back of the delegation. He asked him whether he can take a picture with the President. I must say, the person was surprised at the request but simply moved in the security cordon and I presume spoke to the President. Just after few minutes, to our utter surprise as well as to the surprise of the security personnel, the President came out of the security barrier directly towards us smiling. Just like that he came, not only posed for two snaps but also allowed time to ask our well beings and some backgrounds. He then left for his meeting. Perhaps it might not sound that extraordinary to people who have not so much experience in international political interactions, but being a professional in the field I can vow that was an out of the way as well as humble gesture from President Ahmadinejad.

Finally about the clothing he wore during the meetings, it would not be an exaggeration, if I say that probably the cost of my branded necktie and belt would be higher than the cost of his full attire.

For me, this is what modesty is all about.

- It was written solely for YaNabi.com by an international civil servant unwilling to disclose his identity for security reasons.

This post has been promoted to an article
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Are We Compelled To Accept The Sayings And Stat...

Jul 03 2013 07:31 PM | Desert-Sheikh in Basics of Islam
I am writing in response to Brother Sunniskeptic's post as quoted below. - Link

View PostDesert-Sheikh, on 23 May 2013 - 12:20 PM, said:

Most of the stuff is based on Sufi narrations and claims but it has no place in Islam. Quran and authentic Hadith are the only source and will remain till Qiyamah, and in presence of this 'source', there's no need to listen to any Pir, Shaykh or Scholar.

View Postsunniskeptic, on 24 May 2013 - 01:38 PM, said:

what about awliya? do you not believe in the awliya either?
(you're right that no one has to believe anything -- it is personal choice but this is just an interesting discussion for me). i ask because real Sufi saints
like Rumi/Ibn Arabi/Baba Farid/Ghawth al Azam are awliya. Do you not believe in these awliya either?

If not, it would be interesting to know your thought processes which led to this new position.

The only sources of all Islamic knowledge and instruction are the Holy Qu’ran and the Sahih Hadeeth of our Prophet (Sallallahu Alieh Wassalam). The Qu’ran is surely and indisputably without change or fabrication, however, the same cannot be said about the collection of hadeeth. In every era, attempts have been made to introduce false traditions using hadeeth as a crutch, but due to the meticulous science of Hadeeth, scholars have been able to distinguish the strong, sahih, hadeeth from the weak.

The sayings, thoughts, dreams, and statements of the Ulema, both Sufi and others, can certainly be believable, and acceptable, for their followers, however, Muslims as an entity are in no way obligated to adhere, believe or subscribe to these interpretations of Islam. Furthermore, it is dangerous to extend these sayings, thoughts, etc. beyond the lifetime of these scholars as an authentic source of information, since no information is safe from tampering. If something as sacred as the sayings of the Prophet ((Sallallahu Alieh Wassalam)) can be fabricated and tampered with, why not the saying of an ordinary scholar attempting to clarify the faith during their times?

As an example, both Imam Ibn Hajr Makki and Hazrat Mujadid Alf Thani consider the famous treatise by the great Saint and Scholar Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, Al-Ghunya li-Talibin, to be untrustworthy, and have advised against following the teachings found within, and some scholars have gone as far as to say that perhaps the book, in its present manifestion may not have been authored by Sheikh Jilani. As proof to further this claim, found within this text is the statement that Imam Abu Hanifa and his followers are all hell bound – a confounding statement about one of the greatest scholars of Islamic jurisprudence, especially when attributed to another learned scholar of his time! If the writings of the founder and mentor of an important, and far reaching, Sufi movement can be so altered, what does that say about the authenticity and credibility of all these other verbal traditions and said books of learning that lay claim to spreading the message of Islam?

Regardless, it is to be noted that it is a voluntary act whether one accepts the teachings of any given scholar or not. No Muslim is compelled, and neither should they feel obligated, to adhere to anyone's teachings beyond those found within the Holy Qu’ran and the verified sayings and actions of our beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alieh Wassalam).

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What Is Jail?

May 12 2013 12:02 PM | Warda101 in Soul and Heart

Jail...What Is Jail? Part 1


Physical jail imprisons your body in one place where it is not allowed to move freely and do the things it normally would have done. And that’s it.

But in the spiritual jail, the jail of heart and mind, the jail of waswasa (whispers) of shaitan, of wondering and worrying about future, uncertainty, doubt, fear, worry.

Spiritual Jail Is The Kind Of Jail
That Needs Being Afraid Of!
This Is The Jail That Eats You
Alive Inside...

The Real Jail Is The Darkness
Within The Heart And Soul!
This Is The One That Makes You Paralyze

This jail is the one that cannot make you gain and destroys any prospects of enjoyment and benefit. this is the kind of jail that you need to worry about because it destroys any hope and a believer never loses hope in his lord...

Hidden Goodness
  • The spiritual jail destroys any goodness and a believer knows there is goodness hidden for him in things that he doesn’t like.

    Quran Chapter 2 Surah Al Baqarah
    [Verse 216]

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    And it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.

  • It makes one paralyzed and a believer is never paralyzed because his Lord is powerful over all things.

    Quran Chapter 3 Surah Al Imran
    [Verse 26]

    Posted Image
    Say: "O Allah. Lord of Power (And Rule), Thou givest power to whom Thou pleasest, and Thou strippest off power from whom Thou pleasest: Thou enduest with honour whom Thou pleasest, and Thou bringest low whom Thou pleasest: In Thy hand is all good. Verily, over all things Thou hast power.

  • It enslaves one without any visible chains and a believer has the power of d’ua (supplication) which is freedom in itself—to call on the All-Hearing Lord.

    Quran Chapter 21 Surah Al Anbiya
    [Verse 88]

    Posted Image
    So We listened to him: and delivered him from distress: and thus do We deliver those who have faith.

    Quran Chapter 36 Surah Al Ya-Sin
    [Verse 82]

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    "Indeed His command, when He desires a thing, is only to say to it 'Be' and it is"

Ultimate Freedom
A person can live in a beautiful house or a palace but in reality he can be in jail. In the jail of loneliness while listening to the whispers of shaitan, the real enemy who brings nothing except poverty of wealth and soul.

Quran Chapter 2 Surah Al Baqara
[Verse 268]

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"Shaytan promises you poverty and commands you to avarice. Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and abundance. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing".

Can Anything Be Worse Than
Being In Jail Even When You Are Free?
This Trap Of Shaitan Lasts Until He Leads The Person
To The Ultimate Jail
The Hell Fire!

Whereas, on the other hand how many people are in jail yet they are free? Their hearts, minds and souls are free?

Do You Know What The Ultimate Freedom Is?

It is when Allah allows you to be free for him, the freedom that allows you to communicate with Allah. Therefore,
  • If You Are With Allah
  • If You Remember Him
  • If You Have Trust In Him
  • If You Love And Thank Him
  • If You Are Content With Him
  • If You Believe In The Qualities And Attributes Of Allah SWT
  • And Know That He Is All-Wise
  • He Has Chosen The Situation Of Yours For A Reason

At this time you are not lonely, in-fact you are busy. You are busy internally, establishing your relationship with Allah. This leads you to be free, to be happy, to be powerful, to be successful in this life and in the hereafter.

This Freedom Of Heart And Soul
Attracts The Angels;
Allah swt Descends The Angels To His Heart
Fill His Heart With Tranquility
Peace, Happiness, Contentment
Strength And Positive Feeling

This Allows Him To Benefit Himself And Others
Regardless Of Where He Is...
This Is The Real Freedom
And The Taste And Fragrance Of Jannah On Earth!

Now it is up to you to choose whether you would like to be free or jailed! Keys to both are in your own hands. If you want the keys to happiness in this life and the hereafter keep calling Allah, remember Him SWT, trust Him and believe in His wisdom and attributes.

Quran Chapter 2 Surah Al Baqara
[Verse 186]

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And when My servants ask you concerning Me, then surely I am very near; I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calls on Me, so they should answer My call and believe in Me that they may walk in the right way.

Allah the Highest said in Hadith Qudsi:


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Letter From A Brother In Jail:

I can feel the beginning of the journey, Allah as He says in the Quran - He will keep testing us; I feel it's a great test. I have submitted and surrendered to Allah. Like a ball floating in an ocean. Allah allows me to float but I have no control where I'm going. I feel I have a rope to Allah. So I feel very safe. I don't know what to expect but I know that Allah will give me only what I can handle and insha Allah, I pass the trial.
    Being inside, I learnt many things
  • When we chase for dunya, we are running for nothing. People need so little, a bit of food, clothing, shelter, good health and we are ok. Everything else is just a distraction
  • I learn rizq comes from Allah, the brothers inside have given me food (extra salads, foul, chicken ... but no fish with your fish sauce). Especially when I sit after isha prayers reading the Quran
  • I follow Quran Makki and am noticing one common message - submit to Allah. Allah made us from nothing but if we submit, be thankful, with humility, Allah may give us success
  • I keep thinking about the story of The Boy and the King (I also read surat Muhammad, ayats 2,7 and 31). These 3 ayats summarise what I learnt.
  • When I read surah Iqra and Sura Al Alaq (?), I realised we are really nothing. We are very near animals but we must work hard, very very hard to go up a higher level
  • I am happy that i have the copies of your articles Journey of Victory vs Journey of Defeat. It helps me focus my readings
  • I am also comforted that Allah knows I am innocent so this is the plot of men, and more importantly, it is the Qadr of Allah and it has its lessons
  • I take comfort that Allah takes away only to give. Like the companions were very happy when Allah took something away from them. Because they knew Allah was going to elevate them.
Thank you Brother and insha Allah we will meet soon

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The Ultimate End
Any choice other than Allah SWT will only lead to darkness, disgrace, loneliness, uncertainty, fear, worry and eventually to the ultimate misery in this life and the hereafter; regardless of the worldly comforts and material benefits one might have.

Today Majority Of Mankind Is In Jail
In The Jail Of Ignorance & Arrogance!
The Jail Of Not Knowing Allah swt
This Is The Ultimate Jail Because...
At This Time The Person’s Companion Is Shaitan!

The Enemy Who Makes Situations Uglier Than They Are...
And Fills One With Sorrow, Fear, Hopelessness And Despair For Future!
Can You See The Ultimate End Of Such People...???
As Anything Other Than Hellfire!!!

If Allah SWT opens your heart and gives you the key of Iman, trust, and knowledge of His attributes, then you have got the keys to the happiness in this life and the hereafter.

Take Your Life Day By Day,
Reflect Over Your Life
And Count Allah’s Limitless Blessings On You
And Thank Him For Them;
Now Allah Will Make You Happy
And Take Care Of Your Future.

On the other hand if you do not thank Allah and you are not content with what Allah has decided for you, then you will open the door for shaitan in your heart and he will lead you to darkness, hesitation, despair, and nothing will make you happy.

Now, instead of thanking Allah, you will worry about what future has in store for you. You won’t only lose the bounty of this time that you can utilize to get closer to Allah, but shaitan will make you fall into the trap of perpetual worry and paranoia about life and all that because of lack of thanks to Allah swt.

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Two Great Personalities Who Were In Jail
Islamic history is full of great men who had to suffer in jail; and are two such people.
  • Imam Ahmed ibn Taymiyyah
  • Imam Abu Hanifa (who died in jail)

Both had two things in common
  • They never committed any crimes.
  • They were very happy and content to the point they never complained.
Imam Ahmed Ibn Taymiyyah Used To Say 'My Jannah Is In My Heart And Nobody Can Take It From Me.’ When He Was Asked About The Secret To His Happiness, He Said Allah Swt Has Freed Me From This World, For Him.



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Nov 18 2012 09:50 PM | Tahir-Riaz in Dissertation on religion
An Evaluative Study of the Attempts of the Imam Abu H?amid
al-Ghazali at Islamic Reform

Notwithstanding the enduring and rich “legacy of is?lah? (Islamic reform),” the study of
it is relatively scarce and remarkably limited to the modern times. The present study attempts to shed some light on this legacy by evaluating the contribution of an
outstanding pre-modern Muslim scholar, al-Ghazali. Surprisingly, some studies create
an absolutely positive picture of him, while others portray him in an extremely negative light. Thus, this study raises the question of whether it is justifiable to classify him as a mus?lih? (Islamic reformer).

In light of the analysis of the concept “is?lah?” and the complexity of al-Ghazali’s time, the study demonstrates his lifeexperience and erifies that he devoted himself to general is?lah?at a late period of his life, after succeeding in his self-is?lah?. Further, the study assesses his is?lah?i teachings in general, namely those formulated in the Ih?ya’, and evaluates the claimed effects of his attempts at is?lah?. The study also highlights a number of strengths and weaknesses of al-Ghazali’s efforts and critically discusses some of the criticism directed at him.

By weighing up the points for and against al-Ghazali, this study concludes by
asserting that classifying him as a muslih? appears to be fairly justified.
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Nov 18 2012 09:30 PM | Tahir-Riaz in Dissertation on religion

The most recent wave of Islamic revivalism began in the second half of the twentieth century as a nonviolent movement of expressing ideological differences and discontent with the political, economic, and social condition among Muslims and inspired a reformation of the Muslim identity. Today, contemporary radical Islam, with militancy and
terrorist tactics as its cornerstone, has all but overshadowed the call for a nonviolent struggle and has permeated several internal conflicts across the globe.

The Muslim separatist movement in the southern Philippines is one such conflict. Following decades of discontent and sporadic violence, armed conflict broke out in late 1972 when the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) launched coordinated attacks against the government. Following a failed peace agreement in 1976, divisions began to form within the MNLF and in 1984 the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) was established. The MILF, as the name indicates, placed more emphasis on Islam. In 1991, the radical Abu Sayyaf group (ASG) broke off from the MNLF claiming as its main purpose the establishment of an Islamic state. By the mid-1990s, what had originated as a nationalistic struggle advocating the concept of the “Moro” identity, had evolved and produced two increasingly radical

After conducting a diachronic comparative analysis, this thesis concludes contemporary radical Islam in the southern Philippines is a fusion of both traditionalism and globalization. Furthermore, the causal factors evolved with respect to each group’s ideology, objectives, and tactics. Whereas the MILF was more representative of the legacy of traditional Islam, the ASG was much more a product of globalization.
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Nov 18 2012 09:01 PM | Tahir-Riaz in Dissertation on religion
In the contemporary environment of Global War on Terror, there is a growing perception of a linkage between Islamic teachings and terrorism. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the vulnerability of Islamic doctrine and teachings to exploitation by terrorists. It addresses the primary question, whether Islam is vulnerable to being exploited by terrorists. It focuses on various concepts of the Islamic doctrine that seems to be used by various terrorist groups to justify their cause, motivate their cadres, garner support, and achieve their end state. To answer the primary question, this thesis focuses on three secondary questions:

(1) What are the aspects of Islam which seem relevant to terrorism perpetrated in its name?

(2) What are the historical aspects of Islamic revivalism, and is there a link between Qur’anic interpretations and modern terrorism?

(3) Is terrorism perpetrated in the name of religion alone or are there other causes?

While analyzing the data for these questions, this thesis considers multiple perspectives including those of Western scholars, Islamic scholars, Muslim community, international organizations, and terrorists themselves.
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